Yes.. it has been 6 months.. Hi!!

These are some excerpts between me and GPT to help me with some specific ADHD/Autism problems.

Exploring Cognitive Flexibility: Navigating Mood Switching for ADHD and ASD Individuals

Navigating the intricate landscapes of our minds can be challenging, especially for individuals dealing with conditions such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder). One of the unique challenges these individuals face is what can be described as “mood switching” or “brain context focus switching.” In this article, we will delve into this concept, explore its implications, and provide insights on improving cognitive flexibility. If you’ve ever struggled to shift your mindset from one task to another or experienced difficulties in focusing on different aspects of your life, this article is tailored for you.

Understanding Mood Switching: A Unique Challenge

Mood switching, also known as cognitive flexibility, refers to the ability to transition smoothly between different tasks, thoughts, or mindsets. For individuals with ADHD or ASD, this can be particularly daunting due to challenges in executive functioning. Poor task switching and hyperfocus, where one becomes deeply engrossed in a single task, are common manifestations of this struggle. This phenomenon can impact various aspects of life, including personal relationships, work, and self-awareness.

Exploring Relevant Resources

Fortunately, numerous authors and researchers have explored the intricacies of mood switching and cognitive flexibility. Here are some valuable resources that can offer insights and strategies for managing these challenges:

  1. “Smart but Stuck: Emotions in Teens and Adults with ADHD” by Thomas E. Brown: This book delves into the role of emotions in ADHD and provides practical tips for managing emotions and enhancing cognitive flexibility.
  2. “Executive Functions: What They Are, How They Work, and Why They Evolved” by Russell A. Barkley: This comprehensive source offers deep insights into executive functions, including task switching, and addresses common issues faced by individuals with ADHD and ASD.
  3. “Managing ADHD in School: The Best Evidence-Based Methods for Teachers” by Russell Barkley: This resource offers strategies specifically tailored to managing cognitive challenges often experienced by individuals with ADHD.
  4. Research articles such as “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Conceptualization and Reflections from the Neuropsychological and Emotional Perspectives” by Álvarez et al. shed light on emotion regulation in ADHD.
  5. “Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD: An Integrative Psychosocial and Medical Approach”: This book explores cognitive-behavioral techniques that can aid in enhancing cognitive flexibility.

Strategies for Enhancing Cognitive Flexibility

Improving cognitive flexibility requires a multifaceted approach, combining various strategies from the resources mentioned above:

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): This therapeutic approach facilitates the development of new thinking patterns and behaviors. A modified version of CBT, known as CBT-i, can specifically enhance executive functioning skills.
  2. Mindfulness: Practicing mindfulness helps individuals become more aware of the present moment. This awareness can aid in breaking away from hyperfocus and enhancing cognitive flexibility.
  3. Physical Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity contributes to overall brain health and cognitive functioning, including cognitive flexibility.
  4. Prioritizing Healthy Sleep: Quality sleep is essential for optimal cognitive function. Adequate rest supports cognitive flexibility, allowing for smoother task switching.
  5. Practice and Gradual Progression: Gradually practicing task-switching, starting with simpler tasks, can help develop cognitive flexibility over time.

Overcoming Personal Challenges

For those struggling with mood switching and cognitive flexibility, it’s important to explore personalized approaches to overcome these challenges:

  1. Setting Time Limits: Using timers or alarms can help remind you to switch tasks, preventing over-focus.
  2. Task Breakdown: Dividing tasks into manageable segments facilitates smoother transitions between them.
  3. External Brains: Employing external reminders, such as calendars or time management apps, can guide you in shifting your focus.

Conclusion: Embracing Cognitive Flexibility

In a world that demands adaptability, mastering cognitive flexibility is crucial. For individuals with ADHD and ASD, the journey toward enhanced task switching and mood switching might present unique challenges, but the strategies and resources available can empower them to navigate these challenges successfully. By incorporating techniques like cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, and physical activity, individuals can cultivate cognitive flexibility and lead more fulfilling lives.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Can cognitive flexibility be improved over time? Absolutely. Through consistent practice, individuals can enhance their cognitive flexibility and improve their ability to switch between tasks and mindsets.
  2. Is cognitive flexibility only relevant to ADHD and ASD individuals? No, cognitive flexibility is a skill that benefits everyone. While it can be particularly challenging for individuals with ADHD and ASD, anyone can work on improving their ability to switch between tasks.
  3. Are there any mobile apps that can help with cognitive flexibility training? Yes, there are several apps designed to improve cognitive flexibility through various exercises and activities. Some popular options include Peak, Lumosity, and Elevate.
  4. How can mindfulness techniques help with mood switching? Mindfulness encourages individuals to be present in the moment, reducing the fixation on a single thought or task. This practice can aid in breaking away from hyperfocus and enhancing cognitive flexibility.
  5. Can mood switching challenges impact personal relationships? Yes, difficulties in shifting between tasks and mindsets can impact personal relationships. Improving cognitive flexibility can contribute to healthier interactions and better communication.

the above was created with AIPRM
Below is the original conversation…

This is a Shitty summary GPT gave me:

Living with ADHD and ASD can come with unique challenges that affect a person’s cognitive flexibility, ability to switch tasks, and self-awareness. But, worry not! With OpenAI’s GPT-3 model, we can tap into a wealth of useful resources to better manage these challenges.

Exploring Cognitive Flexibility

Cognitive flexibility, also known as task-switching, allows us to adjust our thoughts and actions in response to changing circumstances. Individuals with ADHD and ASD might struggle with cognitive flexibility, leading to issues like intense focus on a single task (hyperfocus) and difficulty transitioning to a new task.

Books like “Driven to Distraction” by Dr. Edward M. Hallowell and John Ratey, and “Taking Charge of Adult ADHD” by Russell A. Barkley, offer comprehensive strategies to manage ADHD symptoms, including hyperfocus. They promote the idea of externalizing information to make it easier to handle. This can entail using visual reminders, time management tools, alarms and externalized lists.

Some of these strategies include:

  • Setting Time Limits: Use alarms to signal when to transition between tasks.
  • Break Tasks Down: Simplify complex tasks into manageable parts to make transitions smoother.

This is some of the GPT convo..

are there any writers, papers , or books that talk about “mood switching” in regards to adhd or asd autism? Mood switching is a phrase i came up with to describe how to switch mindsets. because I have poor task switching, poor executive functioning, i can only hyper focus on one thing. I am having marriage problems because I have poor self awareness of personal responsibilities. I am looking for any referential writings or concepts that can help me mood switch or brain context focus switching.

Yes, there are a number of authors and researchers who have explored concepts related to what you call “mood switching” or “brain context focus switching,” but more commonly referred to as “cognitive flexibility” or “task switching.” Here are some resources that you might find helpful:

  1. “Smart but Stuck: Emotions in Teens and Adults with ADHD” by Thomas E. Brown: This book discusses how emotions play a big role in ADHD and offers tips for managing and improving emotional control and cognitive flexibility.
  2. “Executive Functions: What They Are, How They Work, and Why They Evolved” by Russell A. Barkley: This is a comprehensive source on executive functions which includes the ability to switch tasks or focus, common issues in ADHD and ASD.
  3. Managing ADHD in School: The Best Evidence-Based Methods for Teachers by Russell Barkley also offers strategies specifically aimed at managing cognitive challenges often experienced by individuals with ADHD.
  4. Research articles like “Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Conceptualization and Reflections from the Neuropsychological and Emotional Perspectives” by Álvarez et al. This study specifically looks at emotion regulation in ADHD.
  5. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adult ADHD: An Integrative Psychosocial and Medical Approach


Improving cognitive flexibility requires a multifaceted approach, as it involves various mental skills. Some strategies drawn from the resources mentioned include:

  1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): This type of therapeutic approach helps individuals learn new ways of thinking and behaving. It’s often used to treat a variety of mental health disorders, including ADHD and ASD. A modified form of it, often referred to as CBT-i (cognitive behavioral therapy-impairment), can help build flexibility and executive functioning skills.
  2. Mindfulness: Mindfulness involves learning to be in the present moment. This can be a useful technique to improve cognitive flexibility as it helps one become more self-aware and less stuck on a particular thought, feeling, or behavior.
  3. Physical Exercise: Regular physical activity has been found to enhance brain health and cognitive functioning in general, including cognitive flexibility.
  4. Healthy sleep: Chronic tiredness can hamper mental functions, including task-switching. A good night’s sleep, on the other hand, can boost cognitive flexibility and is an important part of overall brain health.
  5. Practice switching tasks: Start with simpler tasks and gradually move on to complex ones. The deliberate practice will help you get better over time.


consider all the above. I have problems changing to a new mental context, like doing something creative and then spending time with my wife, I have a hard time switching my thought patterns to focus on something different. I also have no awareness of anything else when I am focused on something. this is a detrimental problem. To help with this problem, I imagine that I am clocking in and out of a job, in order to switch mindsets. I got this idea from the book Alter ego by Todd Herman. Are there any other resources that have similar concepts I can use for my mindset and awareness problems. I know this problems also directly result from poor executive function, adhd, and asd autism


It sounds like you are struggling with what is commonly referred to as “hyperfocus,” the ability to focus extremely closely on one task to the exclusion of all others, which can be a symptom of ADHD. The difficulty to disengage from a task to switch to another might be due to a deficit in executive function skills, common in ADHD and ASD. Here are some resources that might help:

  1. “Driven to Distraction”, by Dr. Edward M. Hallowell and John Ratey: This is a comprehensive guide to understanding and managing ADHD. It might provide insights into your hyperfocus issues.
  2. “Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Adults with ADHD: An Integrative Psychosocial and Medical Approach”, by J. Russell Ramsay and Anthony L. Rostain, provides practical cognitive-behavioral strategies for managing symptoms of ADHD.
  3. “The Mindfulness Prescription for Adult ADHD”, by Lidia Zylowska: This book provides a program for managing ADHD symptoms with mindfulness practices.
  4. “Understanding Girls with ADHD”, by Kathleen G. Nadeau, Ellen B. Littman, and Patricia O. Quinn discuss hyperfocus and how to manage it. They mostly focus on ADHD in women and girls but the advice is
  5. Setting Time Limits: Use a timer or alarm to remind you when to stop working on a task. This can help you become more aware of time passing, so you don’t over-focus on a task.
  6. Break Tasks Down: By breaking tasks into manageable pieces, it will be easier to switch between tasks.
  7. Use “External Brains”: Hallowell and Ratey suggest using what they term “external brains” – tangible objects or people that can offer reminders and guidance. These can be friends, family members, calendars, time management apps, or pocket lists.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be very effective in developing management strategies for hyperfocus and improving cognitive flexibility. Here are some techniques that may help:

  1. Cognitive restructuring: This involves identifying and challenging detrimental thought patterns, then replacing them with healthier ones. For example, if you’re so focused on perfectionism in one task that you neglect others, cognitive restructuring can help you think more flexibly about your tasks.
  2. Behavioral strategies: Time-management skills, like using a planner, setting reminders, or breaking tasks into smaller parts, can help manage hyperfocus and improve brain switching.
  3. Mindfulness techniques: Mindfulness can make you more aware of your hyperfocus tendencies and allow you to better regulate your focus. This might include paying attention to your physical cues when you’re overly focused, or setting aside specific times to absorb in tasks.
  4. Exposure and response prevention (ERP): If your hyperfocus is driven by anxiety or obsessive tendencies, ERP—slowly confronting situations that trigger your obsessive focus while refraining from the usual response—may be beneficial.
  5. Developing coping strategies: This includes relaxation training, stress management and developing self-compassion. These strategies can help manage the distress that could potentially come

so far.. I think the most impactful idea.. is “external brain” … I need to follow up with this idea..